Translation memory is an important tool in the modern translator’s toolkit, and one that is currently the focus of a great deal of discussion in the translation and localization community. Simply put, translation memory is a type of shared database that stores translations and continually updates itself as its users work.
Even when human societies first tentatively interacted with each other, there were instances of interpretation and translation. Reasons such as trade and diplomacy between nations and societies were important early engines behind the refinement of translation practices, and the urge to better understand other viewpoints all involved different kinds of evolving methods.
Machine translation as a concept has come a long way since it was initially tested over 60 years ago. It was originally suggested as a method for the US government to monitor Russian activities after World War 2; now it has developed into something that has transformed the translation industry entirely.